October 31 - 1968 - Lyndon Johnson's "October Surprise"

Less than a week before the 1968 Presidential Election, United States President Lyndon B. Johnson announced that he would begin a de-escalation of American military efforts in Vitenam, as well as seek renewed peace talks. This was seen as a ploy to assist his Vice President, Hubert Humphrey, who was then campaigning as the Democratic Nominee for President. Humphrey's left flank was dissatisfied with the Johnson administration's Vietnam policy, and this action was Johnson's attempt to assuage those problems with what became known as an "Octover Surprise." Yet Humphrey also had problems to the right, as the formerly solidly Democratic South was supporting former Alabama Governor George Wallace as an independent. Meanwhile, Republican Nominee Richard Nixon, the former Vice President, steered a middle path that brought him a narrow popular vote victory and landslide electoral vote victory, depsite the very first "October Surprise."

William Floyd