November 23 - 1876 - Boss Tweed is Delivered to New York Authorities
William M. Tweed, better known as Boss Tweed, has come down through history as the chief symbol of Gilded Age political corruption. While he was a US House member and a New York State Senator, Tweed was illegally enriched less through his own elected office and more through the fact he controlled Tammany Hall, the Democratic Party machine in New York City. He became a landowner and railroad shareholder through political influence, then gave large city contracts to friendly businesses who would pay his businesses. This very simple scheme was free from inspection because Tammany Hall controlled everyone who might inspect them. Then a large riot showed Tammany leaders could not keep civil order, and the whole edifice came crumblin down around Tweed. At first, though, it seemed he would not be seriously prosecuted for his crimes, but eventually New York State sought damages, and Tweed ended up in jail. He decided to escape to Spain while on a home visit, but he would be returned to New York City and die in the Ludlow Street Jail.