November 7 - 1916 - Jeannette Rankin Becomes the First Woman Elected To Congress
Jeannette Rankin won her election for one of Montana's two at-large seats in the House of Representatives four years before the ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment, which gave women the right to vote. In the Congress, she actively worked for an amendment to the Constitution that gave women the right to vote. But most notably, as a committed pacifist, she voted against the US entrance into World War I. She sought a Senate seat in 1918, lost, and then seemed to retire from elected office. Rankin worked on behalf of pacifist groups. Then, in 1940, she got elected as a Representative once more, defeating a notable ant-Semite. So Jeannette Rankin had the opportunity to vote once more against a World War, which she did, becoming the only member of Congress to vote against going to war against Japan. Although this really did end her political career, in the 1960s, Rankin was embraced by a new group of political activists just before her death.