December 5 - 1933 - The Twenty-First Amendment is Ratified
The Twenty-First Amendment is a special amendment. Not only is it the only constitutional amendment that repeals another amendment, it is also the only one to be passed through state conventions, rather than by state legislatures. The amendment repealed by the Twenty-First Amendment was the Eighteenth Amendment, which prohibited the sale, manufacture, and consumption of alcohol. Prohibition proved to be a disaster almost immediately, with an uptick in organized crime and violence, without a noticeable decrease in actual consumption of alcohol. These problems would be further exacerbated by the onset of the Great Depression in 1929, as funds for enforcement ran out and the revenues from liquor taxes looked more appealing. Yet the political influence of the temperance movement had not waned in conjunction with prohibition's failure, so the people seeking repeal of the Eighteenth Amendment tried a different strategy.