July 28 - 1868 - The Certification of the Fourteenth Amendment

The Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution became foundational for the post-Civil War American government by guaranteeing the citizenship of all people born in the United States. While its immediate effect was to include freed slaves under the banner of citizens, the Fourteenth Amendment's long-term effect was to provide the basis for many important Supreme Court rulings. At the time, though, getting the Amendment actually passed through Congress and ratified by the states was extremely difficult.

William Floyd