September 23 - 1845 - The Knickerbocker Base Ball Club is Formed
In the early nineteenth century, businessmen would play sports in their leisure time, gathering to partake in informal games like town ball. When a New York group was unable to use their typical empty lot in Manhattan, one of them, Alexander Cartwright, found a space to play in New Jersey called Elysian Fields. To pay the $75 a year rent and make sure people would show up regularly, Cartwright formed the Knickerbocker Base Ball Club, taking the name from Cartwright's volunteer fire brigade. They also established clear rules for the club and the game they would play, which bear a strong resemblance to modern rules. These structures allowed the game to be played by other clubs and in other places, while the club structure would be copied widely.