January 22 - 1973 - Roe v. Wade is Decided by the Supreme Court
Roe v. Wade is, put simply, the Supreme Court Case that legalized abortion throughout the United States. Yet the details of the case make it much, much more complicated. In a case brought by a Texas woman who had been unable to obtain an abortion either legally or illegally, Justice Harry Blackmun crafted a legal framework based on the trimesters of pregnancy, with abortion always being banned in the third trimester. This reasoning made the entire legal framework guaranteeing a right to privacy regarding abortion immensely confusing. Many people who agreed with the outcome thought it got there in a strange way. Blackmun's opinion, coupled with the dissenting opinion of Justice Byron White, would explode the discussion around abortion in the public and political sphere.