October 2 - 1835 - The Battle of Gonzales
As a military engagement, the Battle of Gonzales was extremely minor. A small detachment of Mexican troops were sent to the town of Gonzales in Texas to retrieve a small cannon, which the Texans refused to give up. The immediate inciting incident was the 1835 proclamation of the "Siete Leyes," or "Seven Laws," by Mexico's President Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna. Effectively, it made Santa Anna a dictator and rolled back liberal reforms. Among the many people to object were the settlers in the area of Texas. These were mostly English-speaking Americans from the Southern states of the United States who had brought slaves to Mexico and resented the centralized Mexican government. Yet open fighting did not immediately take place. What was needed was an inciting incident, and the effort to retrieve Gonzales' cannon. Just 100 Mexican troops were sent, and, when faced with even a token resistance by Texan militias, they retreated rather quickly without achieving their objective. Two Mexican soldiers were killed, while one Texan received a bloody nose while being bucked from his horse. Still, the Texas Revolution had started.