November 14 - 1960 - New Orleans School Desegregation
When first graders Leona Tate, Gail Etienne, Tessie Prevost, and Ruby Bridges attended school on November 14, 1960, the schools in the city of New Orleans were officially no longer segregated. Yet it wasn't quite that simple. This was six years after the decision in Brown v. Board of Education that required school desegregation across the nation, and politicians in Louisiana were hoping to go even longer before integration. Most importantly, integration was contested even after the official moment of desegregation. Leona Tate, Gail Etienne, and Tessie Prevost went to McDonogh No. 19 Elementary School, causing many white students to be pulled out rather than attending with African-American children. Ruby Bridges had it worse as she went to William Frantz Elementary School; she was the only black student, meaning she was accompanied by US Marshals and taught by just one teacher that was willing to teach her the whole year. Outside the school, a group of white parents known as the "New Orleans Cheerleaders" protested Bridges walking to school. New Orleans would not have fully integrated schools for over a decade.