November 21 - 1995 - The Dayton Agreement
The General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina, better known as the Dayton Agreement for its signing in Dayton, Ohio, effectively ended the Bosnian War. The Bosnian War was a smaller part of the much larger Yugoslav Wars, which sprung from the dissolution of the former Communist state of Yugoslavia. Yugoslavia was a collection of six separate republics, divided along religious and ethnic lines. When Communism fell apart in the late 1980s, the separate republics wished to be more separate. Croatia went first, beginning a War of Independence in 1992 against Yugoslavia. Bosnia quickly followed suit, and "Yugoslavia" was really just Serbia. Yet all were at war, and Serbian populations in Croatia and Bosnia wished to have their own Republics. In Bosnia, the fighting was much worse. The Army of Republika Srpska, led by Ratko Mladic under the political leadership of Republika Srpska President Radovan Karadzic, carried out genocidal acts at Srebrenica in June of 1995 with the tacit consent of Yugoslavian President Slabodan Milosevic. At that moment, things looked hopeless. Then, in August, the Croatian Army undertook Operation Storm, pushing back Serbian troops from Croatian lines and threatening Serbians in Bosnia. With that, Croatia, Serbia, and Bosnia agreed to a framework for governing Bosnia and Herzegovina as a single nation divided along regional, ethnic lines, ending the Bosnian War.