May 2 - 1863 - Stonewall Jackson is Shot During the Battle of Chancellorsville
The death of Confederate General Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson is one of those events that people point to as a turning point in history. Although that's not the best view of the Civil War, the impulse is backed up by Jackson's reputation. He gained his nickname, which was also applied to his Stonewall Brigade, at the First Battle of Bull Run, the first major engagement of the war. There, it was said he "stood like a stone wall." In 1862, Jackson increased his status by commanding an Army in the Shenandoah Valley that routed any and all Union armies he faced. In 1863, he was serving under Robert E. Lee with distinction. The Battle of Chancellorsville was a tactical masterstroke by Lee, with Jackson taking the lead in an unusual flanking maneuver. Stonewall's men met the Union force under General Joseph Hooker, stopping their advance on May 1. On May 2, Jackson's men went further around the Union troops and attacked their rear. That night, Jackson took a small reconnaissance mission, but was shot by friendly fire on his way back. His arm would be amputated, pneumonia would set in, and Stonewall Jackson died eight days after being shot. His role in the War would be debated forever.