August 26 - 1346 - The Battle of Crecy
The Battle of Crecy was one of the landmark victories for England during the Hundred Years' War. In Northern France, King Edward III of England personally led an army to victory against his cousin, King Philip VI of France. Their conflicts began because Edward refused, in his role as Duke of Aquitaine, refused to swear fealty to the King of France, and then asserted he had a better claim to the throne than Philip. Through the late 1330s and early 1340s, Edward waged a series of campaigns throughout the Low Countries and Northern France. Yet Edward never had a massive breakthrough. By the summer of 1346, the English forces looked like they would threaten Paris. Philip then pulled his own troops to meet the English. Once Philip began marching, Edward took a defensive position at Crecy. From there, Edward was able to effective deploy his longbowmen against the French soldiers, and the English would rout the French. Despite this impressive victory, very little changed on the ground and the conflict would continue to rage on and off for decades.