August 3 - 1921 - Kenesaw Mountain Landis Permanently Bans the Black Sox from Baseball
Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis was made Commisioner of Baseball, a brand new position, by the owner of Major League Baseball teams to respond to the Black Sox scandal. The Black Sox were eight members of the 1919 Chicago White Sox--Chick Gandil, Eddie Cicotte, Lefty Williams, Swede Risberg, Happy Felsch, Fred McMullin, Shoeless Joe Jackson, and Buck Weaver--who had conspired with gamblers to throw the World Series against the Cincinnati Reds. The rumors began before the series that something was amiss, and when Eddie Cicotte threw the second pitch of the Series straight at Reds second baseman Morrie Rath, the fix was in. The full story would be revealed a little less than a year later, when Cicotte admitted to a grand jury investigating corruption in baseball that he and his teammates had been paid by gamblers to throw the World Series. Weaver and Jackson would say they played no part, while others mostly clammed up. In the court of law, all eight Black Sox were acquitted. In the court of baseball, now run by Commissioner Landis, all eight players were permanently banned from organized baseball.