September 29 - 1829 - The Metropolitan Police Force Take to the Streets of London
Sir Robert Peel created the Metropolitan Police Force as a new way to effect policing in the United Kingdom, focused on London. The Metropolitan Police addressed two different problems, the inadequacy of a constabulary and the opposition to a military police. So Peel hit on concepts known as "The Peelian Principles," but summed up neatly by the concept of policing by consent. The Metropolitan Police were intentionally positioned as civilians in uniform, rather than military figures. They also were meant to reflect the citizenry they were charged to protect. While Peel's ideas were rather naive and hopeful, the notion of policing by consent is a bedrock of most modern police forces.